Scoliosis is a lateral curvature of the spine. A curve that measures more than 10 degrees on an X-ray is considered scoliosis.
Scoliosis can appear at any age, but it most commonly presents during the early teen years. In most cases, there is no known cause of scoliosis. However, it could be a result of conditions such as cerebral palsy, spina bifida or a birth defect.
In most cases, scoliosis is not painful. However, depending on the severity of the curvature, people can present with lower back pain, back stiffness and muscle strain.
In most mild cases of scoliosis, no treatment is needed. However, in more serious cases, a doctor might recommend bracing or surgery.
Exercise is one of the main treatments for people with scoliosis. There are a range of popular strategies, all of which aim to realign the spine, rib cage, shoulders and pelvis. Strengthening and stretching the areas required. Treatment is geared towards relieving symptoms, not necessarily fixing the curve. The goal is to decrease pain and improve function.
A Biokineticist will be able to conduct a postural assessment and screening for scoliosis. In addition, they will be able to conduct various strength and flexibility tests to create an exercise programme tailored for the specific curvature presented.